Society Without Violence NGO (SWV) has been actively engaged in the process of amendments in the state standards of general education and curriculum initiated by the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sport (MESCS) of Republic of Armenia.

Since its foundation, SWV prioritized the role of education in promoting gender equality. In the course of the 19 years of experience, SWV contributed to the formation of democratic society through centralizing formal and informal education. The huge work was implemented by the tight cooperation with the MESCS in the scope of the following areas:

  • Monitoring various strategies regarding gender policy.
  • Textbook analysis from the viewpoint of gender sensitivity.
  • Teacher training to increase gender sensitivity.
  • The publication of theoretical and practical training guide “Man and Woman: Different but Equal”. The guidebook has been handed over to 1358 teachers of basic and high schools in Armenia.
  • Inclusion of gender component in "Social Science" subject.

Currently, the organization is a member of the Public Council to the Minister of MESCS.

Based on its longstanding practice, SWV submitted its observations and suggestions on the state standards of general education, particularly on expected competencies of a secondary school graduate, and expected learning outcomes of an elementary, middle, and high school graduate, as well as on “Social Science” and “Me and the Surrounding World” subjects.

SWV suggests to include gender component in the state standard of general education and in the above mentioned subjects, based on the 2019-2013 gender strategy, as well as on the need to overcome gender stereotypes, gender-based discrimination and inequality between boys and girls at school.

We highlight the presentation of equal rights and opportunities of men and women and the introduction to the concept of gender equality. In this scope, it is necessary to clarify the idea of gender, the difference between gender and sex, promote the formation of gender-sensitive attitudes, address gender issues, gender stereotypes, discrimination, and its consequences. It is necessary to introduce the term - “sexism” to students, its manifestations, and most importantly, its consequences.

Several researches suggest that gender stereotypes formed at an early age are the root of gender inequality which leads to a wage gap, low representation of women in politics, gender-based discrimination and violence, high level of domestic violence among women, etc. Therefore, starting from general education institutions to overcome gender stereotypes is quite urgent and essential.

We thank the expert groups for their efforts to bring qualitative changes to the education system of Armenia.

We are assured that the inclusion of professional observations and suggestions in the ongoing project of state standards of general education and curriculum is fundamental for achieving tangible results. We will keep monitoring the processes, provide support and cooperate to ensure the desired outcome. 


In 2010, Society Without Violence NGO declared July 27 as Gender Equality Day in Armenia. Since then, every year we organize extensive public activities aimed at awareness raising on gender and women’s rights. Today, 10 years after introducing Gender Equality Day, we talk with SWV NGO’s co-founder Anna Arutshyan on the history, vision, objectives of the day and other crucial matters.  


What is the history behind July 27, what has been the motivation to declare July 27 as a Gender Equality Day in Armenia (also, selection of that date)?

Almost all modern-day UN states legally recognise the equal rights and opportunities between women and men, but de facto 70% of women live below the poverty line and own only 1% of land when they comprise 51% of earth population. This means that legal recognition of gender equality is necessary but not sufficient condition to establish substantive equality in real life.

And Armenia is not an exception in this regard. Society Without Violence has been working with national educational institutions for years to eradicate the stereotypical attitude towards women with the aim to build a societal behavioural change in the perception of gender equality. Therefore, SWV declared 27th July (as a symbolic equal divider of the calendar year) to be celebrated as a national day of gender equality. Thus, for 10 years SWV has been organising public events to highlight the importance of the stereotype-free perception of gender equality concept. July 27th public event was also a unique generator of empowerment for young women engaged within and out of SWV who were organising these public events with specific themes every year in various cities of Armenia.

Why is it important to have Gender Equality Day on a national level?

Armenia, still a carrier of Soviet heritage, continues to celebrate 8th of March as a celebration of spring and beauty. In fact, the whole concept of the day has been distorted and moved to the discourse whereas women are cherished for their beauty associated with chocolate and flowers. Highlighting a day in a year to celebrate gender equality is another chance to question the true calling of gender equality, the fight for that equality by and through struggle of fierce and bold women under the doubtful existence of it in the context of capitalism.

In your opinion, what changes will occur in public perception and attitudes if we start celebrating Gender Equality as a national day in Armenia?

To celebrate a gender equality day is not a self-sufficient itself. We brilliantly acknowledge that even in the case it is being mainstream celebrated in Armenia there is still a high chance it could turn into another false 8th March celebration. We can identify dozens of days in the calendar to celebrate equality for women but unless the mindset, overall conception and societal attitude is challenged and discriminatory approach towards women is fundamentally changed, days in the calendar will not matter.

With this determination to tackle the behavioural change in the society and sound understanding that it is not possible to accomplish within a year or two, SWV has adopted a structural strategy to systematically work with school to educate children with a stereotype-free attitude and genuine grasp of equality between women and men. School is the place for children to learn to critically think, to analyse, to value humans regardless their gender, race, sexuality, disability, or other feature.

And only through the achievement of this goal we would celebrate a gender equality day…

In general, what is your vision regarding Gender Equality in Armenia?

More I study the concept of gender equality in the capitalist world, more I understand that I fight against the inequality rather than fight for equality. The current understanding of equality in the capitalist sense is quite ambiguous and obscure. In my deep belief, human tragedies like poverty, genocide, racism, war are all conditioned by the factor of othering people. Othering people and/or categorising them by race, gender, sexuality is the easiest way to control and manipulate, shape it elegantly under the mainstream accepted norms/notions of tradition or patriotism. But in fact, the whole othering discourse is reinforced and reproduced from the perspective of power dynamics control exacerbated by the patriarchal wings of capitalism and militarism.

My vision as a feminist is not to applaud that women are being integrated into the structural power paradigms of patriarchy but the abolishment of that paradigm. I envisage to address the toxic masculinity, gender binary norms for our children not to suffer from them, but critically analyse and re-evaluate. 

My vision is that the institute of education from the early age will encourage our children to develop critical thinking, the ability to question the norms being enforced upon them. And only through that the enlightenment and true adherence to equality values will be accepted and respected. 

Society Without Violence NGO created a comprehensive academic offline course pertaining to gender for teachers/educators, and adults in continuing education.

The long-term experience of SWV in the field revealed the lack of in-depth gender studies course in the Armenian language developed for beginner and intermediate levels. The designed course specifically targets teachers and educators of the secondary schools aiming to decrease gender-based stereotypes and discrimination in educational institutions through educating the staff on gender matters.    

The course is designed by six local and international feminist academic scholars. It consists of six modules covering the definitions and concepts in gender studies including gender, sex, gender roles, gender stereotypes, gender – based violence, media and gender constructions, structural violence, continuum of violence, militarization, etc. For the detailed study of gender matters the social context and the role of the institutions are examined parallelly.

The syllabus was developed in a form of separate guidebook providing thorough understanding of objectives and outcomes of each module of the course (the syllabus is available in Armenian).

The course was developed in the scope of Enabling Accessible and Sustained Gender Education project.

With the efforts of SWV and partner organizations 29 volunteers and coordinators from 6 countries were engaged in "Love and Respect; Preventing Teen Dating Violence" project reaching over 1500 young people to raise awareness and prevent teen dating violence.

"Ambassadors of Love & Respect: Involving Peer Educators in addressing Teen Dating Violence" brochure provides instructions on how to engage volunteers as peer workers in preventive programs.

Research suggests that young people are more likely to hear and personalize messages, and thus to change their attitudes and behaviours, if they believe the messenger is similar to them and faces the same concerns and pressures. Numerous studies have demonstrated the positive influence of their peers on youth's health behaviours, in regards to various aspects, such as relationships, sexuality, violent behaviours, substance use, social exclusion/inclusion etc.

For more information, please visit "Love and Respect" website: 


Page 2 of 4

Meeting with the Political Figures and the Workshop on Writing Policy Proposals

On September 28, members of “Take action” Women Political Club had a chance to meet with prominent woman political figures: MLSA minister’s adviser Olya Azatyan and NA delegate Maria Karapetyan.

The active discussion revolved around the topic entitled “Women’s Involvement in the Governmental and Decision-making Processes; Opportunities and Challenges.”

The next day, the participants of “Take action” had a workshop session on policy writing. Ani Kojoyan, gender studies expert and lecturer of Yerevan State University lead the training, introduced the methods and tools of conducting research and developing policy proposals. The participants of the women’s political club applied their skills and knowledge in writing policy proposals and submitting them to the corresponding governmental bodies.

The topics of researches varied including women’s matters in the agriculture, temporary unemployment and maternity allowance, women’s employment issues in rural communities, excluding violent scenes in television.

We are glad to share that policy proposals and recommendations will be considered for the amendments in laws by the National Assembly of Armenia.



Follow us

Coming Events

No events found

© 2001-2016 Society Without Violence. All Rights Reserved.